The McKnight Group’s 50th Podcast: Bill Hosterman Joins the Company

In 2020, the McKnight Group is commemorating 50 years as a church building firm. One way we are recognizing this significant milestone is with a podcast featuring our Founder, Homer McKnight. In it he tells the story of the firm and how it grew to build so many churches and support their vision for ministry in the community. Here are some highlights from the installment: Early Years, Part 1.

Forming the Partnership “Group” in The McKnight Group with Bill Hosterman

At the end of the first podcast episode, Homer McKnight tells how he had created the church design for Grove City Church of the Nazarene and accepted a call from God to build the church as well. Soon, other church building projects came into his pipeline and, in Homer’s words, “Those days are kind of a blur, but I remember I was working all the time. I was on the job during the day and drawing at night.” Homer realized that he couldn’t keep up. There just weren’t enough hours in the day, and he also really needed a licensed architect (since he was still in the licensing process).

Fortunately, God had a plan. Homer asked a contractor if there was another architect in his network who might want some work. As Homer recalls it, “He said, ‘Well, I know a guy that works where I work, who’s just like you. He’s a religious guy. He doesn’t cuss. I’ll introduce you.” That’s how Bill Hosterman joined The McKnight Group. (Listen to the podcast to hear why Homer liked Bill, and Bill’s memory of how prayer guided him to say yes.)

Developing the Church Design-Build Concept Together

One of the benefits that Bill brought to the McKnight Group was his experience in the construction field. At that time, architects (and the national professional organization, AIA) weren’t supportive of design-build, the idea of combining design and building projects under one company. In contrast, Bill found that his construction experience made a big difference. Many architects “[didn’t] know the difference between the paper architecture that you do and the construction that ends up in the field. And I think having construction knowledge and then joining in with a design-build firm was very valuable.”

Understanding Churches’ Unique Needs: The Church Building Master Plan

So, Homer and Bill began approaching their church design and building work as a package deal. Bill often found himself working half-days on drawings and half-days in the field with church building projects. Soon, they discovered that much of what they’d learned in architecture school about church design didn’t mesh well with the needs of church leaders and the actual function of a church building. In Homer’s words, “Architects and consultants had put little to no emphasis on the future when they designed their building. They had a piece of ground, they’d plop a small first building right in the center of it, without regard of how you’re going to add on where things would go in the future.”

This led Homer and Bill to begin thinking about the need for having a church building master plan. Churches tend to have one building project after another (learn why by listening to the podcast), so a master plan for the entire church design is critical to long-term success. Because they figured this out, the McKnight Group earned  a reputation for being problem solvers. This brought them more church design business and the company grew.

To learn more about what Bill calls “a very interesting and wonderful adventure that we were starting out on,” listen to the entire church building podcast episode.

2020-08-04T21:33:27+00:00 August 4th, 2020|50th Anniversary|

How Much Should Your Church Building Interior Design Feel Like Home?

It’s important to make your new or remodeled church building feel welcoming and for it to create a great first impression. We associate home with welcoming and comfortable.  While having a homey feel to the interior design of your church building may be a great idea, home looks different to everyone.  The key is to create a space that makes people feel welcome, comfortable, and safe. A space that is hospitable and friendly. To accomplish that goal, you may consider design elements that feel like home, using materials that are found in many homes though is not a good idea. Even the most home-like church interior still needs an interior design with commercial grade finishes and furnishings.

Why Your Church Building Needs Commercial Grade Furnishings

For a number of reasons, it’s not wise to install residential finishes and furnishings in your church building. First, while your church building may feel like home, it comes under the codes and requirements for commercial spaces, rather than residential building codes. This means that many types of flooring and furniture that you might use in your home cannot be used in your church. Commercial grade products have different fire code ratings, for example, which make them required for church interior design applications.

Other reasons you need commercial grade finishes in your church building relates to good stewardship. You get what you pay for, to a great extent. Commercial grade interior design furnishings may cost a little more, but they will also last longer, especially since you will have a large number of people using your church building every week. Good quality commercial grade finishes will also be easier to maintain.

Getting Inspiration from Interior Design Site Observations

So how do you make your church interior design feel welcoming, but still use commercial grade products? We strongly suggest that you make site visits to other church buildings in your area, along with other welcoming professional spaces such as real estate offices, restaurants, and retail outlets.

The idea with these site visits is to get a sense of what people in your community are accustomed to, in terms of interior design. These are all places that locals are visiting. Therefore, if they see other spaces—like your church building—that look similar, they will feel at home. We suggest taking pictures of interior design elements that you like. This will help you convey those images to other members of your team.  It will also allow you to compare ideas and images to help come up with a design plan that fits your community but is also unique to your church and ministry.

One more important element to your site observations is the question of your church vision for ministry in your community. Will these interior design elements fit with your vision for your new or remodeled church building? Will these finishes and furnishings fit with the vision you’re trying to achieve, to bring people to Christ?

Is Now a Time to Involve Professionals?

As you are gathering images and ideas for your church building, it’s also a good time to ask the question of whether you could benefit from the expertise of a professional. Such experienced leaders can guide you in the process of integrating your ideas into a cohesive whole that will indeed welcome to your guests.

One good way to experience more site observations is to sign up for our free i3 webinars. With each webinar, you get to see more of the interior design of church buildings that we have worked on. These glimpses could give you even more ideas to incorporate into the interior design of your own church building.

2020-07-28T18:43:17+00:00 July 28th, 2020|Church Building, Church Design, Interior Design|

Including First Impression Spaces in Your Church Building Interior Design

First impressions are so important when remodeling a church building or creating a church design for a new structure. Whether people are driving by your church building or walking in the doors for the first time, they will unconsciously make judgments and decisions about your church community based on what they see. While it’s obvious how important the façade of your church building is to make all feel welcome and help them want to return, the interior design is also critical, especially certain areas.

The First Interior Spaces Guests Encounter in Your Church Building

Every inch of your church building will make an impression on worshipers and guests. But there are specific areas that make more of a difference than others. Your lobby is the key area for making a good first impression. Whether you’re going for an impression of old-fashioned comfort or sleek, modern style, you will give guests a sense of your church and where it places value by how clean, attractive, and well-kept your lobby or foyer appears. If you’ve got a café located off of your lobby, that draws in people if it’s inviting—but not if it’s dark and dingy and appears old or unclean.

Focusing on Interior Design Deeper in Your Building

Once guests move beyond the lobby and café, they will continue to assess your church community based on how other parts of your church building appear. Restrooms are one key component to making a good impression. Perhaps there was a time when you went to a restaurant and the restroom surprised you because it looked run-down, it wasn’t kept clean, or some of the light bulbs were dark. The same kind of reaction can happen if you don’t take care with the interior design and upkeep of restrooms in your church building.

Two other areas that tend to focus guests’ attention are the worship center children’s areas. The worship center needs careful attention to its interior design. You want guests to feel comfortable and safe in your worship space, and to feel free to worship. If the floor is sticky or the carpet worn, or if it’s difficult to safely navigate in semi-darkness, guests might decide to worship elsewhere next Sunday.  The design of your worship center can also help enhance the worship experience.  Children’s areas are also important first impression spaces. Parents will immediately decide whether you value children based on the interior design and upkeep of your children’s areas. Walls that need repainting and dark areas that aren’t well-lit or kept clean can cause parents to decide to take their children elsewhere. A vibrant, kid-oriented space will not only attract kids, but also encourage parents that you care for their children.

Making Smart Interior Design Decisions with Every Step

You might feel that the entryway to your church building is the least exciting part, but it’s as important as anywhere else to invest in smart interior design. For example, rain, or if your church is located in an area of the country that gets a lot of it, snow, can easily ruin a first impression right at the front door. You can make your entryway attractive (and avoid costly lawsuits) by installing walk-off carpet tiles, like the ones seen here, in the entryway. These tiles are designed to absorb as much as 80% of moisture and soil that people bring in on their shoes when placed effectively. When installed to allow for the recommended 6 to 8 footfalls, you won’t have to lay down rugs (which are a tripping hazard anyway) or worry about falls on slippery porcelain tile or vinyl floor surfaces.

As you can see, every square foot of your church building can benefit from intentional application of intelligent interior design. Stay tuned for more on this topic and sign up today for our free i3 webinars to keep up with the latest interior design and church building trends.

2020-07-21T20:27:07+00:00 July 21st, 2020|Church Building, Church Design, Interior Design|

Getting Interior Design Off to a Good Start for Your Church Building Project

We often share on this blog the many processes, and best practices, for putting together and successfully executing a church building project. There are always multiple elements that must be woven together to create a successful church design. Interior design is an integral part of this process; as the saying goes, you only get one chance to make a good first impression. This is why we recommend putting together an interior design team very soon in the church design process.

When to Form Your Interior Design Team

Many church leaders can mistakenly believe that, since the interior of a church building is completed last, you don’t need to work on interior design until later. However, we believe it’s important to keep the whole picture in sight throughout the process.  The extent of your project will determine the best time to form your interior design team.  For a remodeling project you are planning on your own, we suggest that as soon as your vision for ministry has been determined by your church’s leadership team, it’s time to form an interior design team. When your project involves architectural changes or is new construction, your interior design team will jump begin to get involved during your construction drawing phase. Completing a successful church design project depends on good planning and making the right decisions from the start.

Key Elements to Composing the Best Interior Design Team

You want a small group, so that decisions can be made efficiently. The most important qualification for members of the group is that they have a clear understanding of your vision, and for them to be outwardly looking.

It’s easy for team members to become focused on what they like and want in a church building interior. If potential team members tend to say, “I don’t like this,” or “I don’t like that,” they’re missing the purpose of the interior design team. You want team members who can concentrate on what you’re trying to accomplish as a church and focus on the best decisions for your ministries and who you are trying to reach for Christ.

When it comes to choosing members of the team, you may have some people with some professional experience, or a background in some element of interior design that can be helpful. You will also need a member of the construction committee on your team so that communication and updates flow freely in both directions. It’s not important to recruit people who have renovated their own homes and therefore feel they have interior design expertise. There are a number of critical differences between residential and commercial finishes that will be especially important to understand.

When to Integrate Church Building Professionals into Your Process

The differences between residential and commercial design are just one reason we suggest involving professional consultants in your interior design process. Professionals will be able to offer resources and expertise to both the church design and the church building process. Exactly when you introduce professionals into the process may depend on whether you’re constructing a new church design from scratch, or undertaking a building renovation or “face lift” of existing space in your church building. The important thing is to recognize the value and wisdom that knowledgeable professionals, such as The McKnight Group, can bring to your interior design team.

We’ve been sharing best practices like these on every element of church design and construction for many years now. One of the most effective ways has been through our free i3 webinars. To learn more, visit our i3 page and sign up for our next webinar.


2020-07-14T19:45:23+00:00 July 14th, 2020|Church Building, Church Design, Interior Design|

The McKnight Group Announces Construction Completion | Westerville, Ohio

PRESS RELEASE – Church of the Messiah

Church of the Messiah has a refreshed look for the sanctuary and foyer while still celebrating the unique and traditional elements of the church. The reconfigured stage now has a larger platform and includes a handicap lift, along with new screens and projection capabilities. The sound booth in the balcony has been enlarged and a new glass railing along the front edge was installed. New seating, Theatrical and House LED lighting with integrated controls, updated flooring and all new finishes throughout the sanctuary building complete this renovation.


Approximately 6,602 sq. ft. of renovated space

Owner: Church of the Messiah, Westerville, OH
Design/Build Firm: The McKnight Group, Grove City, OH
General Contractor: McKnight Development Corp., Grove City, OH
Architect/Designer: McKnight & Hosterman Architects, Inc., Grove City, OH

2020-07-14T12:11:12+00:00 July 10th, 2020|Press Release|

Get Ready to Reopen Your Church Building with a Summer Church Maintenance Checklist

Summer has arrived and parts of the economy are starting to reopen as well, which means many states are allowing church services to resume. While church leaders focus on what needs to be done inside their church building to prepare for social distancing requirements and the return of worshippers, it’s also important not to lose sight of church maintenance to the exterior of your building. Here are some checklists to make sure HVAC and roofs are well-maintained as we enter the summer months.

Church Maintenance of Your HVAC System

Many churches haven’t had a worship service since it was still cold enough to need heat. Now summer is here, and your HVAC system needs to be ready. Here’s a thorough checklist of items to address in preparing your church building cooling system for summer worship. While you might need to involve professionals in some of these tasks, you probably have knowledgeable individuals in your church community who can handle most of the items on this list.

  • Clean or replace all filters. We’ve noted elsewhere that it’s a good idea to keep a maintenance log where filter numbers and their cleaning/replacement schedule can be tracked.
  • Clean evaporator and condenser coils.
  • Flush out drain lines and clear out any clogs so that water doesn’t back up into your church building.
  • Remove any water from HVAC drain pans so they don’t overflow.
  • Make sure the refrigerant is still charged and that there are no leaks.
  • Check all pulleys and belts and replace anything that’s worn out, or close to it.
  • Check the electrical system and make sure no connections have come loose.
  • Inspect the fan motor and lubricate the moving parts and bearings.
  • Check all blowers and fan blades to make sure they’re turning and supporting proper airflow.
  • Make sure that the HVAC cabinet is sealed and clean, and that the door closes or locks securely.
  • Check for debris around the outdoor portion of your HVAC unit.
  • Take a look at the airflow ducts and remove any mold, dust, or debris. If you find debris, figure out where it came from and patch that hole or opening.
  • Run the cooling system and check the rooms of your church building to make sure humidity levels aren’t too high.
  • Change the batteries and check the schedule on your various thermostats and other controls to make sure you’ve still got the church building cooling down at the right times, and the temperature set a bit higher when the building is empty, so as to conserve energy.

Thoroughly Inspect the Roof of Your Church Building

One other part of your church building that needs attention in the summer is your roof. While you might think things are okay because there’s no snow and ice, winter could have left a toll, and summer storms can still loosen fasteners and leave debris on your roof and in your gutters. Here’s what to check to make certain your church building roof is well-maintained.

  • Look at all flashing and surface membrane to make sure the caulk is not cracked and that there are no stains from rust.
  • Check shingles to make sure they are all in good shape and none have come loose or blown off.
  • Inspect the rubber boots around vent pipes for cracks or wear, and make sure vents are clear and undamaged.
  • Check that your chimney caps are still in place and intact.
  • Ignore black algae stains, but any green moss or lichen could indicate that there could be decay beneath the surface of your roof.
  • Clean out gutters and make sure all drainpipes are flowing freely.
  • If you have HVAC units on your roof check to see that the unit doors are fastened tight after the HVAC maintenance is completed. Also check to make sure any coil cleaner is completely washed off the roof.

Whether churches are allowed to reopen in your area now or not, church maintenance shouldn’t be delayed. Take good care of your church building and it will be ready for you when worshippers are allowed to return. To learn more about church building best practices for all church leaders, sign up today for our upcoming free i3 webinars.

2020-07-07T20:49:49+00:00 July 7th, 2020|Church Building, Church Maintenance|

The McKnight Group Church Building Origin Story

The McKnight Group is commemorating 50 years in the church building business in 2020. As part of the commemoration, our founder, Homer McKnight, recently sat down to share how the company began in a podcast. Here are a few highlights from that episode: The McKnight Group Origin Story.

Homer McKnight Hears A Voice

Homer McKnight’s story of The McKnight Group begins when he was in high school. While Homer liked working with his hands, painting and customizing cars, he never considered architecture as a career path. One day, while alone and working on a car, he heard a voice say, “Homer, I want you to be an architect.” But there was no one there. He went into his house and told his mother about it. She said, “Son, if nobody was around, that was God speaking to you.”

Needless to say, Homer began looking at colleges with plans to study architecture. He was also a sought-after track athlete and was offered scholarships from 13 different colleges. None of these schools had good programs in architecture, unfortunately. So, he chose to forego those offers and study at The Ohio State University, which had an excellent program. As you can learn by listening to the entire podcast, he would have to choose again between athletics, scholarships, and studies during school. But, in the end, Homer made the right choices and finished with an architecture degree.

Homer Gets Great Opportunities

Architects were in high demand when Homer McKnight graduated from college and he was offered a job with a large, prestigious firm in Atlanta. But at the same time, he had an offer to stay in Ohio and work with a very small firm (and yes, you can learn the details about that by listening to the podcast). It was a difficult decision, but, as Homer shares, “My dad always said, ‘Son, God has a plan for your life, but you have to make the right choices for the plan to work.’”

By choosing to sign on with the smaller firm, Homer was given the opportunity, from the very beginning, to be fully involved with the entire building construction process as well as drawing up the plans. This was highly unusual for a novice architect, and it gave him experiences that none of his other classmates received. During his two years with that firm, he drafted his first church design and oversaw construction of his very first church building, a chapel in Mount Vernon, Ohio.

Next, Homer got a large job overseeing a large construction job for Ohio University—15 five-story dormitories and a dining hall. He and his family (his son David, now president of The McKnight Group, had just been born) moved to Athens, Ohio and he spent the next two years learning and gaining valuable experience as the architecture representative for this giant project.

God Speaks to Homer Again—about a Church Building Project

It was during this time that Homer got another word from God. His mother had asked him to draft plans for her church’s new sanctuary, for free. He was working on those plans (for Grove City Church of the Nazarene, which we’ve used as an example in many of our posts) one evening in his basement studio, finalizing the church design that would be handed off to a contractor. Suddenly, the same voice he’d heard in high school said, “Homer, you’re going to build the Grove City Church.”

Since he’d heard the voice before, it wasn’t a shock, but he still had to make the right choices for everything to fall into place. Fortunately for all of us, he did that. Thirty days later, he started working on the Grove City church building and soon after The McKnight Group got its start.

To learn how it all unfolded, we invite you to listen to Homer’s podcast. And we will be sharing more podcast episodes in the future, so stay tuned to learn more about The McKnight Group’s history over the past 50 years.

2020-06-30T19:59:25+00:00 June 30th, 2020|Church Building, Church Design|

Don’t Be Afraid to Dream Big with Your Church Building Vision

Much goes into finding the right vision for your church’s ministry, as our series of blog posts on this topic has demonstrated. While there’s a lot to consider, we want to encourage you to make sure to think big.

We’ve been helping church leaders envision new or remodeled church building projects for fifty years now. Over those decades, we’ve come to see that it’s especially important for church leaders to start the vision process with broad thinking that leads to a master plan.

Develop a Grand Vision

The best way to dream big is to consider the following. What would you do if you knew you could not fail? How would you like to proceed if money wasn’t an obstacle, or even a concern? How do you really want to give glory to God through your church building and the ministries it supports? By dreaming big at the beginning, your vision for ministry will not be limited by human concerns, but instead driven by God’s plan.

Consider What’s Possible Now

While God gives us the vision, he does not always give us all the money to make it happen right away. Once you’ve outlined your grand vision, it is time to consider what is affordable at this stage on the journey. This doesn’t mean that you let go of the dream, but that you get it all down in a master plan, and then break that plan down into affordable pieces. At this point, money, budgets, resources, time, and land will all come into play. You’ll need to choose the right priorities in terms of what comes first.

For example, while the need for a Christian school may be an important part of your church’s vision, it is also important to have adequate worship space. Are both of these facility needs achievable in a first phase multi use project?  Or is this something that has to be built with separate uses from the very beginning? This is where a master plan helps with communicating the entire vision, so that families with young children will be happy in your church building and see hope in the future development of the facilities for ministry.

Focus on the Right Steps Toward Your Dream Church Building

The master plan lays out the phases, and steps within those phases. However, if you choose a step that will cost more than you can afford, it could become a stumbling block to the broader vision. You might find that your church ends up focused more on funding concerns than on ministry. If that happens, the entire process can end up losing steam and excitement.

Instead, be careful to choose steps that are sized to be affordable and big enough to make a difference. By investing in your vision for ministry in steps and phases, you can accomplish your dream over the course of time. As we outlined in a recent post, one church took 30 years to fulfill its master plan, but they got there, step by step.

So, don’t be afraid to dream big. That’s how we started building churches half a century ago, and that’s how you can build your vision for ministry in your community. To learn more about the many ways we can support your master plan and church building process, check out our free i3 webinars.

2020-06-23T19:19:46+00:00 June 23rd, 2020|Church Building, Church Design, Vision|

A Master Plan Brings Your Church Building Vision to Life

Once church leadership has decided on its vision for ministry, the work can begin on creating a church building that works. Master planning is where vision typically leads when it comes to facilities, whether it’s remodeling what exists or building new ones.

Not only is a master plan an excellent way to document where the church’s vision takes the physical plant over time, it is also a way to easily give everyone an idea of what’s possible, and what you hope to accomplish. Well-made master plans can take years to develop. To fully understand how they can impact a church community over time, this post will highlight a case study of a church we began working with about 35 years ago.

A Master Plan Case Study

Way back in 1985, we worked with church leaders to develop this master plan for their church building complex. They were working with 27 acres of property and had a worshipping community of about 400 people.

Notice in the first image how they were dreaming big with their vision for ministry. You can see the church building complex at the bottom of the image, with an expanded worship center to seat 1200, a multi-ministry center, and two education wings. In addition, they had a vision for a Christian school on the property, and an assisted living facility. Both of those projects were slated for the future, but it was important to show the entire master plan at the beginning, so church attendees would have a sense of the broader vision for ministry in the community.

How a Church Building Master Plan Can Change Over Time

Fast forward 27 years. As its vision evolved, the church created a second master plan. Here, you can see that many things have changed. They’ve purchased more land, the footprint of the school has expanded, and they’ve added a number of athletic fields on the newer property. In fact, the church grew so much faster than they expected that they developed a future vision that included a worship center seating 3200 people.

At this point, the assisted living facility was still part of the plan, but it hadn’t yet been built. Instead, the church’s focus was on expansion of their successful Christian school. Later, a developer approached the church about the “practice fields” at the far lower right corner, under the label “Phase VI Preschool.” The developer purchased this land to build its own assisted living facility. So, the church’s vision for ministry to the elderly was still fulfilled, just not in the way it was originally imagined.

Building Excitement about Your Vision

One of the key reasons to develop a church building master plan that illustrates your vision for ministry is to generate excitement in your church. When attendees see what’s possible, they get fired up and on board with what God can do through them. A Christian school that didn’t exist in 1985 now educates 650 children in 12 grades. A vision for ministering to the elderly is now thriving because the church leaders were willing to think creatively about partnering with other organizations in the community.

That original master plan is now 35 years old, but it’s still inspiring because it’s part of this church’s visionary history. To learn more about ways to make your vision a reality, sign up today for our upcoming church building i3 webinars.

2020-06-16T19:19:31+00:00 June 16th, 2020|Church Building, Church Design, Vision|

Why Vision Matters in Unifying Everyone Around a Church Building that Works

We spend much time and space in this blog discussing vision and its importance. But what does vision actually do for a church? The answer can be found in other questions, like “How do the people in your church know where the church is going?” or “How do you know if your attendees are on board with the direction?” A strong vision can answer all these questions, while serving as the tool for a church building that works.

Being Part of Something Bigger

As we’ve discussed before, every church needs a vision for ministry in their community. That vision helps everyone get on board with your plans for sharing God’s word with others in your area. When church leaders can capture that vision, and define it, and say, “This is what we’re about,” it helps people know where the church is going while helping attendees to get on board with that vision. Most of all, it helps people feel that they are part of something bigger than themselves. People sometimes think, “I could never do this,” but when the church is doing it, they can join in and believe, together, that anything is possible.

Being Unified Behind the Vision

Joining together is a critically important component of any church vision process. You need something that unifies people, helps them come together, and gives them a reason to be part of a team. When you can gather people together around a vision, they get to know each other and build relationships. When they know each other, it’s easier to provide support to each other, and to achieve the vision that you’re seeking to fulfill together.

A church without a lot of unity, especially in leadership, will find it hard to get anywhere or accomplish anything. At times, clearly articulating your vision can reveal those who are not in unity with the vision. Sometimes church attendees just go with the flow. Then, when there’s a new vision, a new direction, some of those people can begin to get uncomfortable and ask questions. As a church leader, it’s important to listen, to get a heads-up on who is on board and who’s not. Then you can speak with those people who are struggling with your vision and help them see why it matters, and how to get on board.

Aligning Your Vision with Your Church Building

So, what does all this have to do with your church building? Some church leaders might say they have a vision to reach unchurched people but will then build a church building that meets their own needs, not the needs of the unchurched. Such a church building becomes a place where guests do not feel comfortable, or even welcome.

The right vision allows church leaders to put their church building money where their mouths are. It’s essential to ask why you would take on a ministry when it’s not part of your vision. If it’s not where God is leading you, let it go.

We’ve been doing this church building work for fifty years now. We have developed a solid understanding of the need for a focused and powerful vision for ministry to guide your church building process. To learn more, sign up for our forthcoming free i3 webinars, where we share more wisdom gained from building churches for fifty years.

2020-06-09T18:56:14+00:00 June 9th, 2020|Church Building, Church Design, Vision|