Church Design Steps from Start to Finish: Church Building Pricing and Bids

We are coming down to the wire outlining all the steps that you will need to follow for the successful completion of a church building project. Beginning with clarifying your vision for ministry in your community, we’ve discussed zoning, building codes, utilities, funding, and a number of other elements that come into play. Most recently, we addressed the various permits you will have to apply for and how long that process can take. In this post, we’re going to review the final steps that must take place before construction can begin; the bidding and pricing timeline.

Two Church Project Pricing Scenarios

There are two different ways that the pricing stage can unfold, depending on whether your church design has been drafted by a standalone architect or one who is a member of a design-build team. If you have worked with a separate architect, you will need to take the same plans that you’ve submitted for permitting and send them out to various general contractors for bidding. If you’re working with a design-build team like The McKnight Group, we will take those plans and reach out to the various subcontractors and suppliers to negotiate pricing.

How the Bidding Process Works

If you didn’t go the design-build route and are soliciting bids from separate construction companies, there are services that can assist with the bid solicitation process. Either way, once the bids come in, you will need to review the contractor quotes, checking them for accuracy and differences. Once you’ve chosen your general contractor, you will need to sign a contract with them. At this point, you can also go back to your lending institution and close the construction loan.

Timing the Beginning of Your Church Building Construction

Don’t expect construction of your church building to begin the day after all your contracts are signed. The contractor and subcontractors will need time to mobilize, which means getting both labor and materials in place to begin the work. As we discussed in our last post, two phases—permitting and pricing—will often happen concurrently. While you’re waiting for various jurisdictions to approve your plans and issue your permits, you can be finalizing a construction contract, giving contractors time to get their teams together.

The amount of time it takes to get those teams together varies widely from project to project. In 2018, the construction market was extremely busy. Most frequently, construction began a month or two after the contract was signed. However, there are seasonal fluctuations and the construction market can change. It’s possible that it will take a month or more to get work started on your church building project, but it’s also possible that work can begin in just a week or two. It all depends on the pace of construction at the time you begin.

At this point, we’ve covered the first ten steps in our start-to-finish series. Finally, we are ready to begin the construction process itself. So, stay tuned for the next installment in our series of church building steps. And now’s the time to hop on over to our homepage to sign up for our next informative i3 webinars, which provide the latest free information on church design and building trends and ideas.

2019-01-08T18:02:20+00:00 January 8th, 2019|Church Building, Church Design|

Need Ideas, Insights and Innovations? Here’s Our Lineup of Free 2019 Church Building Webinars

Happy New Year! We hope your church and ministries will be blessed in 2019. We also hope that, if you’re looking for church building or remodeling support, you will look to us. One way we can help is through our no-cost i3 webinars, which provide ideas, insights & innovations (those 3 i’s) for your church building project.

Each webinar is presented live, so we’re giving you a preview of what’s to come so you can mark your calendar now. In fact, you can already register for the first three of our 2019 i3 webinars right at the bottom of our home page. Plan to join us to learn about church design and building and to get your questions answered!

January 17: How to Transform the Building You Have into the Building You Need

Church buildings age, just like humans do and can become out of step with twenty-first-century needs. In this first webinar of 2019, our President, David McKnight, will examine some obstacles faced by actual churches and share how we helped transform their buildings to support their modern ministries.

February 21: Steps to a Successful Church Interior Design Project

What goes inside your church building is an important, and sometimes overlooked, part of any successful church design. In this i3 webinar, our interior designer, Jennifer Snider, will discuss colors, finishings, floorings, and more; explaining what’s involved in a vibrant interior design so that your church building remains attractive to members and guests years after it is built.

March 21: Current Trends in Church Design

It is said that the only constant is change. This is definitely true in church design across the U.S. In this i3 webinar, our Vice President of Architecture, Philip Tipton, will outline what changes he’s seeing in technology, building design, and other key areas which can make your church an attractive worship space and compelling focal point in your community.

April 25: What Really Saves You Money (The Truth About Church Construction)

David McKnight returns to talk about the realities of saving money on a church building project in this webinar. It’s hard to know what tips will really save you money in the long-term. Along with tips that work, David will examine several ideas that are advertised as money-saving options, but could really cost you more in the end.

May 16: Step by Step: New Church Building from Start to Finish

Any big project requires a good road map and actionable timeline. In this i3 webinar, David McKnight will outline each of the steps that should be on your church building road map (and warnings about potholes that you might encounter along the way), giving you a start-to-finish big picture that can help you stay on task through this months-long process.

June 20: Creating Effective Children’s Spaces

One of the most effective ways to attract people to your church is focusing on children. If your church building is appealing to kids, they’ll ask their parents to bring them to church. In this webinar, David McKnight and Jennifer Snider team up to talk about how your church design can appeal to children, and what common mistakes to avoid.

July 18: How to Fund Your Project in Today’s Economy

How might tariffs, rising interest rates and other economic uncertainty impact the church building project of your dreams? Don’t worry; church leaders are still successfully funding church buildings and facility renovations, even in less-robust markets. In this webinar, David McKnight will help you think outside the box on making your church design dream come true, as well as providing tools for constructing a realistic budget to support it.

August 15: Security Design for Today’s Church

Security is important for every church leader these days, whether it’s to keep children, members and guests or church staff safe. In this i3 webinar, David McKnight and Philip Tipton team up to discuss how building codes and security can dovetail, outlining ways that security that can be designed into your church building to meet various types of threats.

September 19: Principles for a Successful Church Building Project

In this webinar, Philip Tipton will talk about some principles behind successful church building projects and the common pitfalls that can set you behind before you even really get started. With Philip’s input, you can get your leadership team, church vision and ministry in the community off on the right feet!

October 17: Developing a Clear Vision for Your Church

In our final free i3 webinar of 2019, David McKnight returns to reinforce what we believe is the core foundation of any successful church building project: a clear church vision for ministry in your community. Without it, your church building will never be used to its full potential. Join David in a discussion about articulating your vision and using it to design a dynamic facility that will support your specific church ministries.

That’s the list of what you can look forward to in 2019. We hope you’ll attend all these webinars, and in between we’ll keep you informed through our blog on many of the key ideas, insights and information you’ll need to design and build the ideal church for your community.

2019-01-02T16:12:58+00:00 January 2nd, 2019|Church Building, Church Design|

Church Building Steps from Start to Finish: Permits

Though we are covering the church building process, step by step, it’s important to note that not everything involved follows a linear order. In some steps we’ve discussed, lots of tasks can be accomplished at the same time as other ones. While the main task now is getting the funding for your new church building or church remodeling project, it’s also time to get the right permissions to begin construction, and that means building permits.

Building Permits and Zoning Requirements

When it comes to permits, we need to note one thing. Each city and town is different in terms of its permitting process. In most cases, zoning requirements must be addressed before you can apply for a building permit. Now, in rare cases, you might be constructing a church building on county, instead of town or city, land, where there is no municipal jurisdiction. In this case, you may not have any zoning restrictions. That’s good news, because you don’t have to go through the zoning process, but it also could mean anyone can build something right next door to your church that might not fit in with your church’s vision for the community.

How Long Can It Take to Get a Church Building Permit?

The permitting process can take anywhere from a month to a year—it all depends on the size of the municipality and the process involved. A general rule of thumb is, the larger the city, the longer time you need to allow. We have found that, on average, 50 percent of our clients receive their building permit within six to eight weeks of application submission. But, many in the other 50 percent wait longer.

What Is the Building Permit Process?

Once you have submitted your church building permit application, most states require that your jurisdiction respond to you within thirty days. This does not mean you’ll have an approved permit within thirty days. Most applications are not accepted the first time around. Instead, the jurisdiction will submit a “correction letter,” which asks questions and requests clarification about various aspects of your church design plan and construction documents. You will need to respond to those requests for additional information before your building permit can be approved.

You don’t have to be twiddling your thumbs during this time, however. Instead, you can also be reaching out to various building contractors for bids on your church design and construction. We will talk about bidding more in our next installment of this step-by-step series.

However, in our next post, coming at the first of the year, we’ll take a quick break from this series and fill you in on all the planned i3 webinars in 2019. We’ve already listed the first few on our home page, so you can sign up now. Meanwhile, we wish you a happy and holy Christmas and joyous New Year.

2018-12-18T17:19:47+00:00 December 18th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design|

Church Design Steps from Start to Finish: Construction Documents

There are many steps to a successful church design and building process. Without paying careful attention to each one, you can end up with a church building that doesn’t meet your needs. So, we’ve been covering all the steps on our blog, from start to finish.

Once you have your funding plan in place, it’s time to generate the construction documents that your church building professionals will need to bring your vision to life.

Turning Vision into a Detailed Plan

During the design phase it was important to plan from your church’s vision. In the construction document phase, we keep the vision in mind but expand it to create a very detailed level of how things work. Each of these detailed plans make up the construction documents.

A List of Church Building Construction Plans

Here are the various types of architectural and engineering documents that will need to be developed.

Civil Engineering: These documents address the property beyond your church building. Engineering designs will address storm water drainage, parking lots, grading (so that water drains through the storm drain system rather than pooling on areas of the property), water and sewer lines outside of the building, and driveways that tie your parking areas to the roads that run adjacent to your church property.

Structural Engineering: These construction documents cover the specific designs of every part of your church remodeling or new building project. In addition to the walls, ceilings, and floors, these drawings must coordinate with water and sewer lines inside the building, the HVAC duct runs, the locations and specific dimensions of elevators, stairwells, doors, windows—the list can seem endless at times, but each element matters.

Electrical Engineering: These documents show the type of electric power service, size of the service and distribution of power through your church building. Besides the basics of lighting and the powering of appliances, you also need to consider where you will want to run audio-visual lines, security systems, your computer network, and your Wi-Fi system.

HVAC Engineering: The type and size of HVAC units, and their location needs to be documented. Also, plans for the size of duct runs and their distribution to each area of the building are included. All the HVAC plans must coordinate with the power requirements in the Electrical documents.

Plumbing Engineering:  Plans will be needed for the types of fixtures, route and size of sanitary lines and water. A gas line, if applicable, will need to be coordinated with HVAC and other equipment.

Interior Design: This is also the stage when you will begin to discuss the specifics of your church building interior design. Where do you want carpeting versus stained concrete or other flooring types? What color schemes will be used on the walls and ceilings? What type of wood will be used for cabinets, counters, and doors?

Preparing for Your Building Permits

These construction documents are all necessary for the next step in your church building process: gaining permits for the construction process itself. Until you have those permits in hand, you cannot begin work on your new church building. We will discuss the specific types of permits and approvals you will need in our next post in this start-to-finish series.

Speaking of what’s next, we’ve just announced the first three topics for the 2019 free i3 webinar series. You can check them out by visiting our home page and be sure to register and mark your calendar for the ones you want to attend. Then, watch our blog. We’ll preview all the upcoming webinars for 2019 in January.

2018-12-11T20:12:44+00:00 December 11th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design|

Church Building Steps from Start to Finish: Funding

As we continue working through the church building process step by step, it’s time to talk funding. You should now have a good sense of how much money will be required to complete the church building process from the budget developed in the last step. Now it’s time to figure out where that money will come from.

Preparing a Church Building Stewardship Campaign

Obviously, you will need to ask for the funds required to fulfill your ministry vision of a new or remodeled church facility. The funds will come from three basic sources: gifts, pledges, and financing. In order to raise funds in a responsible manner, you will need to plan your stewardship campaign in a wise and thoughtful way. Whether you have knowledgeable attendees in your church who can conduct this campaign or if you hire a consultant (recommended in most cases) to guide and support your efforts, there are some basic elements that will need your attention up front.

Timing Your Church Building Stewardship Campaign

There are certain key elements  to a successful stewardship campaign, and one of them is good timing. You don’t want to raise money in winter because between the holidays and winter vacations, people are distracted by everything else going on — and are likely spending more money than usual, which could make them feel they don’t have funds available to support your church building project.

Summer is also not a good time for a stewardship campaign because many people are away on vacation. Therefore, the consensus of opinion is that the best times to ask for gifts and pledges for your new church design and building project are in the spring or the fall.

Preparing the Way for the New Church Design with Lending Institutions

Financing is an integral element of almost every church building project as raising enough money through gifts and pledges isn’t always possible. It’s important to begin thinking about the financing early, as there will be much financial information you need to gather in preparation for making the loan request. Here is a handy checklist of the different types of materials that you will need to have available when you begin conversations with lenders.

You’ll also want to find a lending institution that has worked with churches before. There are some elements to financing that are specific to churches. Lenders who are not familiar with the differences between thriving and struggling churches, for example, might tend to bundle all types of churches together. This can lead them to offer you either too much or not enough financing than your church’s financial health can truly support.

Much of this funding work can — and should — begin concurrently with the earlier, church design phase. It’s never too early to get a sense of what you can afford and how you will make that church design into a reality.

Stay tuned for more, as the next step in our start-to-finish series will address construction documentation.

It’s also never too early to tell us what else you’d like us to cover in our free i3 webinars. Our 2019 webinar series topics is almost done, so please contact us at to let us know what topics and questions you would like us to discuss.

2018-12-04T15:58:51+00:00 December 4th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design, Financing|

Church Building Steps from Start to Finish: Budget Review

This step in our Start to Finish church building series wraps up the church design phase. It’s a very important step because you must be able to afford the new church building or remodeling project you have so carefully designed. A well-thought out budget will not only tell you if your project is affordable, it will also let you know how much money you will need to raise when the time for funding arrives (in our next step).

Your Project Budget Covers Much More than the Church Building

Many church leaders just focus on the construction costs for a church building as if that is the only part of a budget, but there’s more to it. You will also need various permits and pay several fees during the process of approval and construction. If you’re creating a new church design from scratch, you will have expenses involved with preparing the building site for construction. If you’re remodeling an existing church building, costs will be associated with making sure that the old building meets newer building codes and safety restrictions.

Four Elements of Your Church Building Project Budget

  1. The Cost of Construction. The largest and most obvious part of the budget includes site development (preparing the ground, installing utility lines, laying in pavement and sidewalks) and the construction itself. Whether you’re starting a new church design or embarking on a remodeling project, construction includes everything that could not be moved if you were to vacate the building, such as the HVAC system, elevators, paint, and movable walls.
  2. Fees, Permits, and Assessments. These costs cover the requirements to create a church design that meets applicable zoning and building codes for your city. They include soil testing, building permits, and the various types of architectural and engineering drawings during construction as well as permitting once the building work is complete.
  3. Contingency and Inflation. These numbers reflect the likelihood of changes during the course of the project. While everyone hopes that the approved church design will be final, things come up because of the church’s vision and the realities of construction; changes have to be made. We suggest that every responsible project budget include a contingency figure and account for the cost of inflation for construction materials and labor over the course of time it takes to start the construction project. The amount of contingency you set aside depends upon the type of project you are proposing.  Current inflation for the last 12 months has been near 6%.
  4. Owner-Supplied Furnishings. A new church building is great, but an empty shell will not support your vision for ministry in your community. Once the construction phase is complete, you will need to supply furnishings—everything from tables, chairs, and audio-visual equipment, such as screens and speakers, to kitchen appliances and nursery cribs.

Moving from the Church Design Phase to Funding

Once you have well-researched estimates for each of the four budgetary elements above, you are ready to move into the second phase of the church building process, which secures funding for your church design project. In the next post of our Start to Finish series, we will discuss these various elements of funding.

This step-by-step series is inspired by one of our 2018 free i3 webinars and we are currently outlining our 2019 webinar series. If there are topics you would like to see addressed, please contact us at

2018-11-27T22:35:06+00:00 November 27th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design|

Church Design Steps from Start to Finish: Utilities and Schematics

In a recent, free i3 webinar, we detailed all the steps in the church building process. We’ve been highlighting key elements of that webinar here and with this post, continuing delving into the church design phase of the process with a look at utilities and schematics.

The Utility Review

There are some important church building considerations with regard to utilities. One question to ask is whether there is single-phase or three-phase electricity coming onto your property. This matters from budgetary and future expansion perspectives. Three-phase is more efficient, it can travel through smaller wires, and most commercial motors and commercial equipment require three-phase power. There are also different utility rates for each type of electricity.

Your water source can also have consequences for your church design. City water is generally preferable, depending on the water needs of your church building. You cannot feed a building’s sprinkler system directly off a well without installing some type of storage system with an emergency generator and backup pump—which would be a significant added expense.

Waste water is another consideration. Tapping into a city’s sewage system is easiest, but if you’re out in the country or in a newly developing area of your community, you may have to work through your county health department to get approval for a septic system.

Church Design Schematic Plans

Another important step in the design phase is creating visual representations of what you plan to build. Schematic plans for church designs like the one here, show the relationships of various spaces in the church building. Your church design is created to solve your ministry needs, but it must also meet zoning and building codes in order to be approved. This is why each church building must have a certain number of exits, doors that swing the right way for safe egress, hallways that don’t dead-end, and so forth.

A schematic floor plan shows where everything is located. This includes church building spaces, such as the foyer, the cafe, the offices, and the worship center. It also shows how your church building is going to function. Is the children’s area secure? Are related components of your various ministries located close to one another? Is there enough room for everything to be installed in your kitchen, and does the design accommodate workflow needs?

Church Building Master Plans and 3D Renderings

While the schematic plan for church design is very detailed, it’s not the only useful rendering created during the design phase. Two other types are helpful. The first is a site master plan for your entire property. As you can see here, the master plan includes any future phases of your church complex and how you intend to develop the site over the next ten to twenty years.

The second type is the 3D rendering, which is a very useful tool for your capital campaign. A 3D image like this gives everyone the sense of what your new church building will look and feel like when the project is completed.

The next step in the process is to undertake a budget review to make certain that you can afford to build what you have designed. We’ll discuss that in our next installment. Meanwhile, we are wrapping up the details of our 2019 free i3 webinar series. If there’s something you would like to learn more about, please contact us at 800-625-6448.

2018-11-20T17:19:48+00:00 November 20th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design|

Church Building Steps from Start to Finish: Building Codes

As we work our way through each of the steps involved in the church building process, we go from looking at zoning codes and focus the spotlight on another important group of regulations – building codes. These are the municipal or state requirements that govern construction. When your church leaders begin to think about the specifics of any new or renovated church design, those building codes need to be part of the conversation.

Building Versus Zoning Codes

How are zoning codes and building codes different? Zoning codes govern what can be built and where. Building codes address how each church building is designed and actually constructed. The purpose of building codes is what the industry calls “life safety.” They make sure everyone is safe while they are in your church building and can get out quickly and safely in case of an emergency.

Unlike zoning codes, which vary by city, most states in the US have adopted the International Code Council (ICC) model codes and standards. This is good news, because it generally means that there’s just one set of requirements that you will need to address. However, there are different types of building construction and each has its own set of ICC regulations.

What Type of Church Building Will You Construct?

Construction type determines which regulations apply to your project. Will your church be built of wood, concrete, or steel? The code requirements for each are based on the potential combustibility of the material.

Also, there are “use group” types to consider, and churches can have many different ones. What the code calls “assembly” is your worship area. What it calls “education” covers your church school classrooms and any daycare facilities, while “business use” covers your various offices.

When you combine these types, the building code has a formula that will dictate what size church building (in square feet) you can construct. It will also determine what type of fire suppression system you may or may not need to have in place. Sometimes you can increase the square footage of your church design if you’re willing to install a sprinkler system in the building. Other times that sprinkler system will be required as part of the building code approval process.

Creating an Accessible Church Design

The Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA is also a building code. This federal law sets requirements regarding elevators (depending on the size and shape of your church building), doorknobs, handicap access, restroom stalls and sinks, stairwells, ramps, etc.

Another critical building code concern is egress from the building—which means getting everyone out safely in case of emergency. The requirements for sufficient egress options can sometimes come into conflict with church leaders’ desire for security, particularly for children in the church building. This is another reason why involving experienced professionals in the development of your new church design early is a good idea. The McKnight Group is familiar with the range of building codes; what they require for your type of building and how to solve problems and conflicts without violating the rules.

In the next step in our church building “from start to finish” series, we’ll discuss the need for a utility review.

We are also now putting the finishing touches on our 2019 free i3 webinar series (which, earlier this year, is where we first introduced this “from start to finish concept). If there’s a topic you’d like to see addressed in 2019, please let us know at 800-625-6448.

2018-11-13T14:40:55+00:00 November 13th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design|

Church Building Steps from Start to Finish: Zoning Considerations

As we cover the church building process from start to finish, the next step to look at is zoning. Whether you’re starting from scratch or considering a major church remodeling project, you will need to ensure that your church design meets the zoning requirements for the area of town in which it is built.

Zoning 101

Every city and town in America have their own set of maps showing what can and can’t be built in various areas. While zoning can feel restrictive, it is often put in place to prevent some very frustrating situations. For example, people don’t want a noisy manufacturing facility to be built in the midst of a quiet residential neighborhood. So, it is required that your proposed or current church building meet the zoning requirements for where it is placed.

The Church Building and Conditional Use

In 90% of the zoning classifications we’ve encountered, church buildings are considered conditional use properties. The good news is that conditional classes, not being specific, are not explicitly excluded from most zones in a municipality. The bad news is that because a specific use isn’t specified, it usually means having to go before government authorities to get approval. Sometimes this involves meeting with the zoning officer, while at other times it involves an official public hearing.

Typical Church Design Zoning Restrictions

Occasionally church leaders ask us why they cannot do something with their church design that another church, across town or in another city, has done. The likely answer is that the other church’s zoning regulations are different. For example, in a downtown area with high-rise office buildings and apartment complexes, the building height limit will be higher than that of a suburban residential neighborhood.

Another restriction relates to lot coverage. Some cities restrict a church building with a maximum lot coverage of 20-30% of the available land. If you are looking to expand with a church remodeling project on a four-acre lot, you will need to make sure that your new design does not cover more than one acre with church buildings. This can be less of an issue in a more open space in a residential neighborhood than a restricted space in a downtown location, but still important to consider.

Parking is another zoning requirement consideration. Regulations usually want one parking spot for every three or four people in your worship space. If you hope to expand your church’s footprint in the future, we suggest you allow one parking spot for every two or two and a half people currently in your sanctuary.

Planning Ahead

If you are thinking about constructing a new church building and haven’t yet purchased your land, you should be checking into the zoning requirements for each property you consider. If you have specific questions about zoning, we’re happy to help, so give us a call at 800-625-6448. We also welcome your thoughts on topics we might cover in our free 2019 i3 webinar series. We be announcing the list soon.

Our next step in this series addresses more codes—ones of the building variety.

2018-11-06T19:17:09+00:00 November 6th, 2018|Church Building, Church Design, Remodeling|

Church Building Steps from Start to Finish: The Design Phase

In a recent and ambitious i3 webinar, we covered all the steps in the process of constructing a new or remodeled church building, from start to finish.

Step one was about determining the catalyst – the right reasons for your church building project. In step two, you need to convert that understanding into a practical, workable, overall plan. This is the design phase and it’s also the time to bring in church building professionals.

Getting a Needs Assessment

The first step in the church design phase is a needs assessment, which is a professional review of what you need for fulfilling your ministries. There are consequences for every decision that you might not have the expertise to understand. A professional will, however.

For example, let’s say you want to increase participation or develop a new children’s program. From a church building perspective, what does that mean? Do you want classrooms, a children’s church, a multi-use facility, an activity center? Did you think about the need for restrooms and storage to go with each of these? Have you considered the regulations governing safe exits and modern parental safety concerns in the church design? This is why you need professional help.

Getting a Church Building Professional’s Perspective

It’s not enough to get just any architect or designer to work with you. Professionals who design offices can give you the right square-footage requirements, but they won’t understand how to analyze your current building limitations in terms of the ministries you want to achieve. When you work with church building professionals, they understand that a church vision and the associated ministries have special sets of requirements.

Getting Your Church Remodeling or New Building Documentation Together

The final element in the design phase is gathering all the documentation needed. For example, for a church remodel, you need to have available all existing blueprints and plans for your current church building and the property as a whole.

If you’re starting from scratch, you still need property documentation. In this case, design professionals need the topographical survey of the land to know the boundaries, any rights of way, and elevation changes over the property because no piece of land is completely flat.

In addition to the property, architects need information about the church community to design an appropriate church building. This information includes operations (when and what types of worship services and other activities, which may overlap and impact parking and hallway usage) and numbers (church attendance, percentage of children, etc.).

Since these factors greatly influence the design and layout of your church building, it’s easy to see that the average office-design professional probably won’t understand the value and importance they add to your church vision.

We believe it’s never too early to involve professionals in your church remodeling or new building project. Contact us today with your questions—and with suggestions for our 2019 i3 webinar series now being finalized.

In our next “start to finish” step we’ll address zoning-code review.

2018-10-23T17:04:16+00:00 October 23rd, 2018|Church Building, Remodeling|